If you have had diabetes for any length of time, you are probably GS-85 Blood Sugar Review familiar with a hba1c test. An hba1c test stands for a hemoglobin a1c test. Hemoglobin is a protein in red blood cells. While red blood cells circulate through the body, the hemoglobin molecule carries oxygen to from the lungs to the cells. While the hemoglobin is transporting oxygen, it is called oxyhemoglobin. However, after it releases the oxygen molecule, it called hemoglobin again. Hemoglobin also carries carbon dioxide from the tissues to the lungs.
Hemoglobin contains different chemical components that are slightly different. These components include hemoglobin A1c, A1b, A1a1, and A1a2. Glucose is bound to hemoglobin A1c or HbA1c. Consequently, that is how the test derived its name. The higher the level of glucose in the blood, the higher the number of HbA1c.