Orthopedic or trauma implants are medical devices utilized to provide bone fixation. They are also utilized to replace articulating surfaces in various body joints. There are several joints and bones that might require repair because of injury, wearing out or disease. Orthopedic implants are utilized to strengthen or fully replace the joints in the damaged region or damaged bones.
Orthopedic implants are inserted into the body utilizing surgical procedures. These surgeries are always performed by highly skilled surgeons who have specialized in this specific field. When a joint has worsened beyond a certain point, the injured joint is removed and then replaced with an orthopedic implant using special Orthopedic Instruments developed specifically for this surgical procedure.
Most of these orthopedic implants are made from stainless steel and titanium alloys, some of which may be then lined with plastic. The metallic structure offers strength to the orthopedic implant, while the plastic surface acts as an artificial cartilage. Usually, the implants are fitted into place and the bone is enabling to grow into the implant for improved strength. Sometimes the orthopedic implants are also cemented for improved adhesion.
The Need for Orthopedic Implants
The cartilage surrounding the bone makes joint work smoothly. Degenerative joint diseases such as osteoarthritis result in the wearing out of cartilage and producing friction between moving bones in a joint. This can cause discomfort and a lot of pain whenever there is joint movement. Excessive weight and other factors can also be a cause of cartilage loss. Doctor opts for the orthopedic implants when other treatments fail to improve the situation.
The different Types of Orthopedic Implants
The elbow, knee, shoulder and hip joints are some of the body joints most affected by cartilage loss. Implants are designed to withstand the movement and stress associated with each type of joint. This can then accurate the affected function of the joint and reduce pain while at the same time increasing the joint mobility.
There are various orthopedic instruments utilized to insert and place the joints in its position inside the body. Interlocking nails, safety locking plates, pins, wires, small/large/ mini fragment implants, external fixators, cannulated screws, cranio maxillofacial implants, and many other orthopedic instruments are utilized in these processes.
Advantages and Disadvantages
Orthopedic implants can significantly increase the mobility of a patient as well as at same time decrease the pain related with movement of joint. This will allow patients to enjoy the quality of life that they led before.
However, the treatment success depends to a large extent on the experience and skill of the surgeon performing the procedure. The result of the operation also depends on after operation care which includes possible malfunction of the implants and prevention of infection.
Siora Surgicals is a renowned Indian company which manufactures and supplies orthopedic implants and instruments like bone plates, bone screws, DHS/DCS plates, interlocking nails etc. and has External Fixation Systems suitable for injuries having exposed wounds.