Despite the best measures, accidental pregnancies happen. Sometimes contraception methods like condoms and diaphragms fail, at other times women may miscalculate their days of ovulation, when the risk of pregnancy is higher.
To avoid such instances, many women opt for a more permanent solution. Tubectomy or Tubal Ligation as it is more commonly known as, is a surgical process where fallopian tubes are cut or tied so that eggs released in each cycle can’t reach your uterus. This way, they can never get fertilized and thus lowers the risk of pregnancy.
It is an irreversible process. So if you are considering it, the first step is to approach the best maternity hospitals in Delhi. A qualified gynaecologist will explain the pros and cons of this procedure to you in great detail, and also assess whether it is right for you.
Before that, let’s understand a basic overview of what you can expect.
What Does the Procedure Include?
Tubal ligation or tubectomy is a form of permanent birth control. Women’s reproductive system consists of fallopian tubes that connect ovaries to the uterus. Each month, an egg or two is released into this passageway, which is then sent to the uterus where it waits for fertilization. In tubectomy, these thin tubes are cut, blocked or tied together so that sperms cannot pass through the fallopian tubes to fertilize an egg. This means pregnancy can be avoided.
The surgical process is done under anaesthesia, through minimally invasive methods, like laparoscopy nowadays. Through a small incision into your belly button, a laparoscope (thin lighted tube) is inserted. The surgeon may insert another device through this laparoscope to seal your tubes, or use another incision to tie them. These incisions are then closed.
Many pregnant women also opt for this surgery during C-section childbirth, to avoid additional procedures. There are many other methods of performing a tubal ligation like colpotomy, laparotomy or mini-laparotomy that a surgeon can opt for.
It is important that you approach the best maternity hospital in Delhi, to get access to experienced doctors. Gynaecologists will take a decision based upon your age, complete health work-up and history of complications, pelvic exam and several other criteria.
Advantages of Tubectomy
A 2012 research by Rice, Murphy and Tworoger in the Journal of Ovarian Research concluded that tubal ligation can reduce the chances of ovarian cancer by up to 30%.
Apart from that, the benefits of tubectomy include:
- Permanent contraception method; no more worrying about pills or condoms. However, tubal ligation cannot prevent infections.
- No impact on hormone regulation
Risks to Know of
Like every surgical process, tubal ligation also has its own complications like:
- Continued pelvic or abdominal pain
- Damage to bowel or bladder vessels
- Failure of procedure ( 1 in 200 women have risk of still getting pregnant after the process)
- Improper healing
- Doesn’t protect against STDs; you will still need to wear condoms for that.
- It is irreversible
Thus, it is important to measure the pros and cons of this method before opting for it. If you are absolutely sure that you do not want any kids in the future, you can ask your doctor about the procedure. Otherwise, there are alternative methods of contraception like IUD that are reversible.