The method used to identify the system weakness or required to protect the data maintains the functionality known as security testing. It doesn't guarantee complete security. Still, it is necessary to perform in the system because it is part of the testing process and has the ability to tackle malicious activities.
Security testing is considered mainly for web applications because it requires creative thinking, complex steps, and a vast number of codes to operate in real-time. But, after creating websites, many issues are encountered with the business owners, especially if it is not authenticated accurately or when it doesn't meet the principles of confidentiality.
Companies that offer security testing services to customers may cover the six phases of testing, such as confidentiality, authorization, integrity, availability, and non-repudiation. The reason to include these stages in security testing is to keep the system and product away from the vulnerable attacks committed by hackers. According to the research, sometimes, simple tests prove beneficial to control the web application from severe risks. Therefore, we can't neglect security testing mainly for web frameworks.
Do you know how to implement security testing very well? Is your strategy right for security testing? Are you sure that your website is free from cyber attacks? If not, it is high time to know the process or the methodologies while undertaking security tests.
1. Evaluate the current status of IT project
The primary purpose of executing security testing in a system is to control future attacks. It is essential to eliminate the bugs in a realistic manner so that one can maintain customer loyalty and company image and operate the necessary functions accurately while doing any business. First of all, you have to evaluate or examine the current status of the project/IT system through penetration tests that are also defined as ethical hacking.
Know the workflow of penetration testing
There are four phases of penetration testing that you should never skip if it is the matter of monitoring the outside attacker in an application. The penetration testing is done with the SDLC (software development life cycle) and is used to check the codes, servers, and APIs used in your web framework.
To perform the penetration test, there is a need to consider the four phases:
Foot Printing – It is the technique that is used to collect the information present in your computer system. It is regarded as the pre-attack phase that you can perform before finding the actual attacks.
Scanning – It is the second phase that scans for the vulnerability in the system and helps to know that the present information is secure or not. There are various scanning tools utilized by the software testing companies to complete the process faster and with full automation.
Enumeration – It is the process taken into account when there is a need to build a connection to the target hosts. After making an active connection to the system, you can discover how the attacks occur.
Hacking & Exploitation – It is the piece of programmed software or maybe a script that enables us to take control over a specific web application and system.
Hire security testers to test your websites/online application with security testing.
2. Understand the types of malware
The most common types of malware are as follow:
Worm – It is a form of malware that leaves a duplicate copy of itself in the computer memory with its path.
Trojan – The non-self replication malware involves malicious codes that lead to data loss or pose the possible risk in a system.
Virus – The program that creates copies of itself and attaches the copies to data files, hard disks, and computer programs is called a virus.
Adware – The free computer program, pitchware, freeware includes the commercial advertisement of desktop toolbars, gaming is known as adware. It is a web application that can gather information from web-based browsers or any pop-ups.
Rootkit – A software used by hackers to access admin's roles from the network or computer system. It can be installed after password stealing or to produce the software's threats without informing the owner.
Spyware – The infiltration software helps in obtaining the user's sensitive information. Basically, it comes through the attachment, or while downloading the links, online software at the free of cost.
How to control the malware?
- Scan and update the anti-virus.
- Install and activate the firewall.
- Up-to-date your applications and operating systems.
- Do not open the unnecessary emails, especially if it comes with the attachment.
- Install or download the things from authorized and trustworthy websites.
3. Understand & prevent data with cryptography
Before getting any security testing services from the software company, always ensure whether they protect your information with cryptography or not. If not, you can opt for other professionals who have a knowledge of preventing the credit card information, email messages, and corporate data with the cipher texts. The method in which data is stored or saved into unreadable formats is defined as cryptography. If you contain a login form on your web page, never skip acquiring this feature.
4. Prioritize to cookies management
It is a small piece of information sent by your web servers to a web browser for storage. Cookies help your browser to remember the personal data and obviously can create security issues for you.
Two types of cookies are mentioned below:
- Session cookies.
- Persistent cookies.
Learn the number of ways to test the cookies
Disable cookies – If you are an experienced tester, you can easily disable the cookie after verification of the website. If you are the merchant who gets web development services, security testing services, ask your tester to manage these functions properly.
Remove cookies – Never forget to remove all the cookies before leaving any page or website.
Editing cookies – The testers should change or edit the cookie in the address bar, mainly if the cookies are contained in the application for storing login information.
Cross-browser compatibility – today, many online merchants take the service of cross-browser testing because before providing the browser compatibility, it checks that cookies are written correctly to the page or not.
5. Secure your web page with HTTPS
From banking websites, e-commerce stores, payment gateway, all login pages require the HTTP (hyper-text transfer protocol) to warrant that any sensitive information transmitted through a web server and computer will never get leaked or stay secure from the unauthorized parties.
- You must have the public key certificates for hosting. Ask your software testing company to get the signed certification for your websites.
- You should verify or test the third-party certification before obtaining it to your web pages.
The Bottom Line
The all-in-one motive of security testing is to keep the system in a working condition and to make the website free from bugs, cyber attacks, threats, and SQL injection attacks. Now you know what strategies to follow while doing security testing.