Eye diseases are one of the leading causes of nonfatal debilitating disorders around the world. 1.5 percent of adults in Bangladesh are blind, and 21.6 percent have poor vision. Red-eye, blurred vision, Trachoma, Diabetic Retinopathy, Glaucoma, and Cataract are also common eye conditions. Owing to a lack of adequate education and awareness, red-eye, cataracts, and blurred vision are big eye conditions to be conscious of in Bangladesh.
Allergies, skin irritation, excessive contact lens wear, or common eye diseases like pink eye are the most common causes of red eyes (conjunctivitis). Redness of the eye, on the other hand, may also indicate a more severe eye disorder or illness, such as uveitis or glaucoma. Eye pain, asthma, or injury may cause bloodshot eyes. Blurred vision can be caused by eye disorders or it can be a symptom of a stroke if it happens unexpectedly. If you have extremely blurred vision, seek medical attention right away or visit the best opticians in Bangladesh for advice. Since there are so many causes of red eye (some of which are extreme and need urgent attention), if you have red, bloodshot eyes, you should see an eye doctor right away, particularly if the redness comes on unexpectedly and is accompanied by pain or blurred vision.
Trachoma is the world’s leading contagious cause of preventable blindness 1. Trachoma is transmitted quickly by direct human contact, mutual towels and cloths, and flies that have come into contact with an infected person’s eyes or nose. It is caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis. Repeated trachoma infections will leave the interior of the eyelid scarred and cause the eyelashes to scrape the cornea if left untreated (trichiasis). Trichiasis not only causes discomfort but also permanently affects the cornea which can result in blindness which is why it is necessary to seek medical advice or visit the nearest opticians in Bangladesh.
Trachoma is a disease that threatens the world’s most vulnerable populations and it spreads in regions where there is a shortage of access to clean water and sanitation. Trachoma affects the vision of almost 8 million people worldwide, with 500 million people at risk of blindness in 57 endemic countries. Children aged 4 to 6 are the most often affected; in some countries, up to 40% of all children have contracted trachoma. Women are highly exposed than men, owing to their frequent treatment of small children and the widespread transmission of trachoma from child to mother. Both eyes are contaminated in the majority of cases.
Diabetic retinopathy is an eye disease that can result in vision loss and blindness in diabetics. It affects the retina’s blood vessels (the light-sensitive layer of tissue in the back of your eye). It’s vital to have a thorough dilated eye check at least once a year if you have diabetes. Diabetic retinopathy does not present any symptoms at all, but detecting it early will help you preserve your vision. Diabetes treatment, which involves being physically active, maintaining a balanced diet, and taking your medication, will help you stop or prolong vision loss.
There are normally no signs in the early stages of diabetic retinopathy. Some people experience differences in their vision, such as difficulty reading or recognizing things that are far away. These shifts will occur at any time. Blood vessels in the eye tend to bleed into the vitreous in the latter stages of the disease (gel-like fluid in the center of the eye). You can find dim, floating spots or streaks that mimic cobwebs if this occurs. The spots can clear up on their own, but it’s critical to get care as soon as possible. Without care, the bleeding can recur, escalate, or result in scarring.
Glaucoma is a disorder in which the optic nerve, that links the eye to the brain, is impaired. It’s normally caused by an accumulation of fluid in the front of the eye, which raises the pressure inside the eye. If glaucoma is not diagnosed and treated early, it can cause vision loss. The damage to the optic nerve causes glaucoma. Blind spots appear in the sight field as this nerve deteriorates. This nerve injury is typically attributed to elevated eye strain for reasons that doctors don’t completely understand.
A cataract is a cloudy region in the lens of the eye that allows vision to deteriorate. Cataracts are caused by changes in the tissue that makes up the eye’s lens as a result of age or damage. Cataracts may be caused by hereditary genetic defects that affect other health conditions. Other eye problems, recent eye surgeries, or medical conditions such as diabetes may all cause cataracts.