Python has become one of the most favorite languages of new generation programmers. I can say that most prefer it over C++ and Java. And there is no stopping point for python in the future. It is used in several domains such as web development, android app development, and others. Also, it is maybe the only programming language that has helped in artificial intelligence and machine learning.
So, learning Python is becoming more and more a popular option. But before going more in-depth, it is also important to know that in the real world, pure python is less acceptable. It is best to learn the basics of python but in the tech industry, frameworks are the main game. And one question we hear most from our students is that which python framework is the best. Let's answer it.
But first, learn what is a python framework?
What is a Python Framework?
A Python framework is a package of modules that help in writing web applications. Frameworks, as the name suggests, provides a frame or structure for web development. They provide recognizable patterns that make the work fast and reliable. Moreover, frameworks help reuse web codes for HTTP operations. These can be easily used by one or more developers to build the application.
There is a pressing need to understand which frameworks to use for which application. Depending upon the function and features useful to the user, these are the top five python frameworks one should learn.
Now, let's dive into my list of 5 best python frameworks. However, before that, if you are asking my personal recommendation, I will go with Django and Flask. You can find more differences between them here: Difference between Django vs Flask. These differences are updated for 2020.
Top 5 Python Frameworks
Let's talk about them one-by-one.
Django is an open-source full-stack framework that uses ORM mappers to maintain and map the objects to data tables. Though it can also work on third party drivers, its main databases are PostgreSQL, MySQL, SQLite, and Oracle. The developer provides the model, view, and template which is then mapped into the URL and the framework takes care of the rest.
Some key features of Django web frameworks are:
- URL routing
- Template engine
- Database storage and migration
Web2Py is an open-source and a full-stack framework. It comes with its web-based IDE including a code editor, debugger, and deployment button because it does not support python 3. This framework can run on different platforms like Windows, Linux, etc, and doesn’t require any installation or configuration.
Some key features of Web2Py frameworks are:
- Read multiple protocols
- Data security
- Error tracking mechanism
- Role-based access control
Being a micro-framework, Flask is lightweight and easily adaptable to a developer's needs. Some key features of Flask frameworks are:
- Built-in development server
- Unit testing integration
- Cookies are secure
- Plugged to any ORM
- HTTP request handling
Initially meant for API integration, Bottle is a micro-framework that implements everything in a single source file. It does not depend on anything except python libraries. Hence, it is the best choice for learning and starting with web development and prototyping.
Some key features of Bottle frameworks are:
- Built-in developer for WSGI-capable HTTP server
- Routing and templating
- Easy data access
CherryPy follows the least number of steps in building web applications. It is an open-source framework and building a web application in this is similar to writing an object program. It allows developers to use any technology for creating templates and easy data access.
Some key features of CherryPy frameworks are:
- Can run on multiple HTTP servers at once
- Easy plugin system and WSGI based webserver
All these frameworks come with their own set of features and benefits; one must consider his purpose of use before choosing any of these. If you wish to have clarity on these or start learning any of these frameworks, you can enroll with an expert python tutor online and start learning web development and python from scratch.