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Dubai is an emirate in Dubai, which is an emirate of the United Arab Emirates, and Dubai City is the largest city in the UAE. Dubai is located east from Saudi Arabia, and located on the Persian Gulf desert safari tour. The country covers approximately 1600 sq miles, or 4100 square kilometers. This is an area three times that in New York City, New York. The land is covered in Sand dunes, and has no water bodies, and is located within the Arabian Desert.


The first documents of Dubai go back to 1095. The Dubai city's records date from 1799. Because of its geographical location, the city was also used as a stopover point for merchants and traders from India. The first major industry was exports of pearls up until 1930, followed by the exploration of petroleum in the late 1960's. In the 1950's, the British relocated their local office into the capital city and brought telephones and electricity along with them. The British also constructed an airport for the first time in city history. From 1968 to 1975,, the city's population grew by more than 300% because of mostly Indian and Pakistani foreign workers who moved to the region to work on oil drilling rigs.

In the Persian Gulf War (1990) traders relocated their operations to Dubai and Jebel Ali Port was the site that Jebel Ali port was utilized as a base for refueling allies. Jebel Ali Port is the world's largest port built by humans as well as a no-frills area since the year 1979. The city is now dependent on tourism and trade and real estate owned by private individuals for the growth of their economy.


The population of the emirate in 2006 was reported to be 1,422,000, 1,073,000 to be the male population and 349,00 for females. The median age of residents is 27 and there is a 14% birth rate , and only a 1% mortality rate.

The official language of Dubai is Arabic The official language of Dubai is Arabic, and English is a second major language.


This $35 billion (US) economy was created by the oil industry, but is now reliant heavily on Real Estate, Construction, Trade and Financial Services. Its Dubai Fiancial Market is worth $95 billion (US) and is a trading platform for local and foreign securities as well as bonds.

Buildings and Developments:

Dubai has some of the tallest buildings in the world, and also Dubai's Burj Al Arab Hotel, the tallest in the world and most expensive, as well as other developments like the artificially-constructed Palm Islands, the Emirates Towers and the Burj Dubai.

1.) Burj Al Arab

A luxury hotel designed in the name of Said Shalil.

Name translates to “Tower of the Arabs”

– tallest hotel at 1,053 tf

It is built on an artificial island, and linked to themainland via an e-bridge

The structure is based on the sail shape that is typical of Arab sailing vessel dhow

Construction began in 1994.

The architect Tom Wright designed the building in the hope that it would become a symbol of the city, similar to Paris Eiffel Tower, and Sydney's Opera House

Built in the late 1800s by Murray & Roberts (south Africa)

Cost: $650 million (US)

2.) Mall of the Emirates

The largest mall for shopping located in middle eastern Asia.

2400,000 square feet of retail space

The entire mall covers 6.5 millions square feet

It is located within the Al Barsha area

The first phase of the project was opened in late 2005.


A 14 screen theater

Gaming arena

Dramatic theater

– indoor ski slope (Ski Dubai)

– – stores, shops and food courts

3.) The World

An archipelago made up composed of 300 man-made islands

The design is intended to resemble an earth map

It is located 2.5 millimeters off of the coastline

– the shoreline extends for 144 miles

It is constructed using sand dug from the ocean

The Dubai ruler has a plan Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Maktoum

Built by Nakheel Properties

Islands are anywhere between 150,000 to 450,000 square feet

Average 328 feet between islands

Cost: estimated 14.4 billion (US)

Islands are sold for between 15 and 50 million (US)

Some islands are priced at close to 250 million (US)

– started September 2003

– 60 percent of islands had been sold in 2008

The development of the islands was completed in January 2008.

— Coral Island Resort is being constructed in “North America”

– Resort OQYANA on “Australia” and “New Zealand”

A resort with a theme of Ireland on “Ireland”

— “Antarctica” will host a 65,000 square foot entertainment center

Fashion Tv resort on “Brunei”

— FTV Palace a fashion community on “Finland”

4.) Dubi Marina

– man made marina

— Emaar Properties is developing the project.

Once completed, it will be larger than Marina del Rey in Califonia, USA which currently is the largest

5.) Business Bay

Business district

Downtown Dubai Dubai

Sykscrapers, commercial and residential developments that total more than 230 buildings

5. ) Dubai Metro

Metro network fully automated

Underground lines are a feature in the central part of the city. They are elevated out of the city's centre.

The opening is scheduled for 2009

It will be the longest fully automated rail system in the world.

About 12 billion (US) contract to design and construct

The work started on the 21st of March, 2006.

The project is being developed through Dubai Rail Link

The first stage of 22 miles with an estimated $4.2 billion (US) cost , to be completed by May 2009.

The second phase will comprise the extension of routes initially

— Red Line will be 31 miles and 35 stations

— Green Line will be 12 miles and have 22 stations

— Blue Line will be 29 miles along Emirates Rd

The Purple Line will be a 30-mile expressway that will connect Dubai International and Al Maktoum

International Airports

Expected to transport 1.2 million passengers per day

Trains have Gold, Women and Children and Silver Class accommodation

Trains are designed to accommodate 643 passengers

Trains are driverless

— Dubai received its first train in March of 2008

6. ) Dubailand

– entertainment complex

– 4 phases planned

Phase 1 is expected to be completed in early 2008

Final phase to be completed between 2015 and 2018.

Expected to be larger that Walt Disney World

— Dubai Autodrome and The Global Village are operating

6 worlds:

– Attractions and Experience World (5.2 sq miles)

— Retail as well as Entertainment World ( 1.6 sq miles)

– themed leisure and Vacation World ( 11.2 square miles)

Eco-Tourism World (28.9 square miles)

— Sports and Outdoor World ( 7.4 sq miles)

— Downtown (0.7 square miles)

7.) The Burj Dubai “Dubai Tower”

– skyscraper under construction

The location is in “New DOwntown”

Expected to be completed in 2009

It will cover 22 million square feet of development

The centerpiece of the large-scale development (30,000 houses, 9 hotels and 6 acres of parkland 19 residential towers, Dubai Mall, Dubai Mall, and Burj Dubai Lake, which covers 30 acres of man-made wetland

The development of 500 acres is expected to cost around $20 billion (US)

8.) Palm Islands : 3 of the largest man-made island in the globe

– Palm Jumeirah, The Palm Jebel Ali and The Palm Deira

The city was designed to boost tourism to the city

Palm Jumeirah:

It is shaped like a palm tree

– 5 by 5 km

It adds 78km to the coastline

– the city was home to 4,000 people

Connected to the mainland via the tunnel and brigde

More than 30 beachfront hotels in 2009, including Atlantis, The Trump Internation Hotel and Tower, The Taj Exotica Hotel and Resort, Tiara Hotel, Oceana Resort and Spa, The Fairmont Palm Hotel and Resort, Hitel Missoni Dubai, and the Radisson SAS Hotel Dubai

– 2. F-100 Super Sabre fighters jets are submerged close to the Palm to form an artificial reef

– construction started June 2001

94 million cubic meters of sand, and 7 million tons of rock

Palm Jebel Ali:

– construction began OCtober 2004

– expected completion date mid 2008

The marinas will include 6 and a water themed park Sea Village Busch Gardens Boardwalks, homes, and homes

Palm Deira:

– development began October 2004

Expected to be completed in 2015

The largest palm will be of the three palms

Construction will require more than one billion cubic meters of sand and rock

– 8.7 miles long

– 5.3 miles long and wide

– 861 millions square feet



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