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What's acne?

Pores are tiny holes in your skin that can be blocked by dirt, oil, bacteria, dead skin cells and other substances. A pimple (also known as a zit) can occur when this happens.

Acne is a condition where you have pimples frequently, particularly if you have them repeatedly. Acne is a skin condition which causes pimples.

Acne can be very common. Research shows that 9.4% of people have acne. It is the most common skin condition in the United States.

Although acne is not a risk to your overall health, it can be very painful, especially if you have severe cases. Acne can also lead to scarring.

Acne can cause emotional distress. Acne, acne scars and other visible areas on the body can impact self-esteem and self-confidence. They can also contribute to feeling anxiety or depression.

Acne is a common condition.

Keep in mind that there are acne treatments in Hertfordshire. There are many effective ways to reduce the number of pimples and scarring.

What are the various types of acne?

You might have a mixture of different types of acne pimples.

Whiteheads or Blackheads are the most common types of acne lesions.

  • Open comedones are open pores that appear at the skin's surface. These pimples get darker from oxygen in the air, not dirt.
  • Whiteheads, also known as closed comedones or raised bumps, appear under your skin. They are still flesh-coloured.

Inflammatory Lesions: These are more likely than others to cause scarring.

  • Infected or inflamed hair follicles can cause these red bumps.
  • These tiny red pimples are covered in pus.
  • These painful, sometimes hard lumps form beneath your skin's surface.
  • These lumps under your skin are filled with pus and can be very painful.

What are some signs of acne?

Acne can occur anywhere on the body. However, you will most often notice breakouts around your eyes.

  • Face and neck
  • Back
  • Shoulders
  • Chest

Pimples can cause the skin to have a rough texture.

Acne can also be caused by:

  • Skin discolouration (HT0_ hyperpigmentation ), including dark spots or patches (HT0_ skin discolouration), and redness
  • Inflammation and swelling
  • Touching or not touching can cause pain and tenderness.

Also, acne breakouts can cause scarring and skin discolouration.

Treatments for Acne

The severity of acne is the primary determinant of treatment.


You can use OTC medicated creams, cleansers and spot treatments to treat pimples that appear.

You'll find the following ingredients in most acne creams and gels:

  • Benzoyl peroxide. This ingredient is used to dry out pimples and prevent new ones from forming. It also kills acne-causing bacteria.
  • Salicylic acid. This ingredient exfoliates your skin to prevent it from becoming clogged with acne-causing bacteria.


You may need professional treatment if you are still experiencing symptoms after applying OTC acne treatments for several weeks.

A dermatologist can recommend medications to reduce symptoms and scarring.

A dermatologist might recommend seeing a dermatologist if you have moderate acne.

  • prescription-strength benzoyl peroxide
  • Antibiotics such as erythromycin and Clindamycin
  • Retinoids such as retinol

They may recommend an oral antibiotic, hormonal contraceptive or a combination of both to manage acne.

You will typically only need antibiotics for a brief time, so your body doesn’t develop resistance or make you more susceptible to infection.


A dermatologist might recommend treatment for severe acne that includes one or more of these:

  • Oral antibiotics
  • benzoyl peroxide
  • Topical antibiotics
  • Topical retinoids

They might also recommend hormonal birth control or oral Isotretinoin (also known as Accutane).

Accutane, a vitamin A medication, treats severe nodular skin conditions. Accutane can have serious side effects and is usually prescribed only by doctors if other treatments fail.

Your dermatologist might also recommend medical procedures to address severe acne scarring. These treatments remove oily skin and reduce its production. These include:

  • Photodynamic therapy. PDT uses medication, a particular light or a laser to reduce oil production and bacteria. Other laser treatments are also available to improve scarring and acne.
  • exfoliation. This removes the top layers of skin using a rotating brush. This procedure best treats acne scarring rather than the actual condition. Microdermabrasion, a gentler treatment, helps to remove old skin cells.
  • Chemical peel. This procedure removes the skin's top layer to expose the healthier skin beneath. A chemical peel can reduce mild acne scarring.
  • Cortisone injections. These injections may reduce inflammation and speed up healing. Cortisone can be used with other acne treatments and huge cysts.

Acne home remedies

There are many home remedies for acne that you've likely come across. These remedies may not always work; some could worsen your acne.

These home remedies will help you clear your skin and prevent future breakouts.

  • Use tea tree oil.
  • Use aloe vera.
  • Use honey as a mask.
  • Get a refreshing boost of energy with green Tea.
  • Avoid touching your face.
  • Never pick or squeeze pimples. This makes scarring more likely and can spread bacteria and excess oils.


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