1. Education

Formal And Informal Education

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Education is a very important part of our lives. For living a better life and being good citizens in society, education is an essential element. As educators, teachers play an important role in shaping the learning journey of our students. The learning process begins at home with parents and then continues with friends, neighborhood, people, and places around us; the list is endless. There are two main types of education: formal education and informal education.

Formal Education: Formal education is learning that occurs within institutions like schools and colleges. It follows a planned curriculum and involves trained teachers guiding students through various subjects. Formal education is the knowledge we acquire in school life. Children develop their logical and thinking skills, receive basic knowledge in numeric skills, and start to discover their hobbies and interests. Children learn and develop in a safe and caring atmosphere in formal education, which also helps them develop self-confidence and a positive attitude towards learning. In formal education, progress happens through different grades, completing standardized assessments along the way. The main objective and advantages of this education are that it has clear objectives and assessments. It offers a social environment where students interact with peers, work in teams, and develop communication skills.

Informal Education: The aim of informal education is to develop humanity. This education can contribute to the development of individuals in society. Informal knowledge can be acquired from individuals of any age, and informal education provides various experiences of daily life. There is no specific purpose or boundary in acquiring this education. Flexibility is the key to informal learning. Informal education occurs outside the four walls of a classroom, without any timetable, duration, teacher, syllabus, or textbook. Hence, it is also called casual learning. This type of learning allows students to pursue their interests at their own pace for lifelong learning. For example, a student might learn about ecosystems in class but deepen their knowledge by exploring the outside world.

Integrating Both: As educators, our goal is to provide a holistic learning experience that combines the best of formal and informal education. Encouraging activities like projects, field trips, and discussions can bridge the gap between formal and informal education.

In conclusion, formal and informal education are both valuable components of the learning process. As educators, it is our responsibility to recognize the strengths of each and provide education accordingly to bring out the all-round development of students effectively. By doing so, we can empower them to succeed academically, personally, and professionally.

More Details – https://sspmpds.in/formal-and-informal-education/ 

Mrs. Sarita Mitkari
(Asst. Teacher – SSPM Primary Day School)


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