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Pigmentation is defined as the freckles on the skin. These dark spots, typically around the forehead, cheeks, and nose tip, make the skin tone uneven. Pigmentation caused by inadequate releases of melanin requires the substance to be regulated. As a result, the use of market-available cosmetics and makeup is simply a waste of time, money, and effort. 

In this blog of Citrine Clinic, Dr. Niti Gaur, one of the renowned dermatologists for pigmentation treatment in Gurgaon, will address clinically approved, effective treatments for this skin issue. So read the post carefully!

Treatment Options for Pigmentation

  • Topical creams

Treatment for pigmentation at the primary stage starts with topical creams. FDA-approved topical creams for a variety of pigmentation include the composition of Glycolic  Acid (GA), Azelaic Acid, and Trichloroacetic Acid. Depending upon the type of pigmentation, freckles, liver spots, and melasma skin experts prescribe the pertinent acid-based topical creams.

  • Photofacial Treatment

Photofacial is the most effective treatment for inflammatory hyperpigmentation caused by being overexposed to the ultraviolet rays of the sun. This laser-based treatment uses intense pulsed beams that penetrate the affected area. Laser light non-invasively destroys pigmented cells. Newly developed healthy cells in the skin bridge the gap and give an even skin tone.     

  • Microdermabrasion

Microdermabrasion is a skin resurfacing method. This skin rejuvenation removes the topmost pigmented layer of the skin. The gentle removal of infected skin is beneficial to treat other skin conditions like acne, acne scars, wrinkles, and dullness of the skin.

  • Chemical Peels

Stubborn pigmentation spots that are unable to be treated through any of the above methods can be effectively reversible using a chemical peel. In this method, salicylic acid, glycolic acid, and TCA peels, depending on skin pigmentation type (liver spots, melasma, or hyperpigmentation), are used to treat pigmentation.

  • Laser Treatment

Laser light, usually known as laser toning, is a cutting-edge, non-invasive treatment for freckles. In this method, clinically approved ND YAG laser lights target the freckles and destroy them. Laser toning performed by a qualified skin doctor is completely safe, with minimal downtime of redness, or itching for a short time span.


Pigmentation is a type of skin issue that occurs due to overexposure to sunlight and hormonal imbalances. Melasma, liver spots, freckles, or hyperpigmentation caused by any reason possible can be treated using medically certified treatments. In this regard, one can seek assistance from an experienced skin doctor. Dr. Niti Gaur, practicing at Citrine Clinic, is the best dermatologist in Gurgaon anyone can consider. Schedule a consultation with her right away!



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