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eriodontitis, also known as gum disease or periodontal disease is a type of disease that begins with a bacterial infection in your mouth. This bacterial infection can be quite dangerous if not treated properly. This can lead to tooth loss due to the destruction of the tissue that envelops your teeth.  

Types of Periodontal Disease


If this bacterial infection is left untreated, gingivitis (i.e. mild gum inflammation) can proliferate below the gum line of your teeth and can cause infection. When the gums become irritated by the toxins of this bacterial infection. A chronic inflammatory response details the body to break down and eradicate its own bones and soft tissues. There may be little or no symptoms as the gum disease treatment Kitchener may cause the teeth to separate from the infected gum tissue. Deepening pockets between the gums and teeth is an implication that soft tissues and bone is being destroyed by periodontal disease. Some of the most common types of these periodontal diseases are such as –   


  • Chronic periodontitis


Inflammation within the supporting tissues of your teeth may cause deep pockets and gum recession in your mouth. It may appear that the teeth are lengthening, but in reality, the gums (i.e. gingiva) are receding. This is one of the most common forms of periodontal disease and can be characterized by progressive loss of attachment, interspersed with periods of rapid progression. 


  • Aggressive periodontitis


This type of gum disease may transpire in a clinically healthy individual. This disease can be characterized by rapid loss of gum attachment, chronic bone destruction, and familial aggregation. 


  • Necrotizing periodontitis


This form of gum disease treatment Kitchener may occur in an individual who is suffering from systemic conditions such as HIV, immunosuppression, malnutrition, etc. Necrosis (i.e. dead tissues) may transpire in the periodontal ligament, alveolar bone, and gingival tissues. 


  • Periodontitis evolved due to systemic disease


This form of gum disease often begins at an early age with a bacterial infection. Some of the common cofactors of this disease are respiratory disease, diabetes, and heart disease. 


Various factors that may cause gum disease 


Plaque is said to be one of the primary causes of gum disease. Some of the other factors that may contribute to periodontal disease are such as –

  1. Hormonal changes, such as those occurring during pregnancy period in women, puberty, menopause, and monthly menstruation, make the gums more sensitive, which makes it easier for gingivitis to develop in the mouth of an individual. 
  2. illnesses are also one of the causes of gum disease. The diseases such as cancer or HIV that may interfere with the immune system of an individual are the cause of this disease. As diabetes affects the body’s ability to use blood sugar. So, patients with this disease are at a much higher risk of developing various types of gum infections, including periodontal disease and cavities. 
  3. Medications can affect oral health, as this may lessen the flow of saliva, which has a protective effect on teeth and gums. Some of the drugs, such as the anticonvulsant medication Dilantin, and the anti-angina drug Procardia and Adalat, can precipitate the abnormal growth of the gum tissues. 
  4. Bad habits such as smoking and drinking make it callous for gum tissue to repair itself. 
  5. Poor oral hygiene habits such as not brushing and flossing on daily basis, make it callous for gingivitis to develop.
  6. Previous family history of dental disease can be one of the contributing factors to the development of gingivitis. 


How a dentist can treat various periodontal diseases in an individual?


There are many surgical and nonsurgical treatments the periodontist may choose to treat periodontal disease susceptible to the exact condition of the teeth, gums, and jawbone. A complete periodontal exam of the mouth needs to be done before any treatment is performed or recommended for periodontal disease by the dentist. Some of the most common gum disease treatments Kitchener are –


  • Scaling and root planing


To preserve the health of the gum tissue, the bacteria, and calculus (i.e. tartar) that initially cause this infection need to be removed. The gum pockets need to be cleaned and treated with antibiotics as necessary to help stop the infection. A prescription mouthwash needs to be incorporated into your daily cleaning routine to stop this infection.


  • Tissues regeneration


When the bone and gum tissues have been destroyed, regrowth can actively be cheered using a grafting mechanism. A membrane needs to be inserted into the affected area to assist in the regeneration process.


  • Pocket elimination surgery


Pocket elimination surgery (also referred to as flap surgery) is a surgical treatment that can be accomplished to lessen the pocket size between the teeth and the gums. Surgery on the jawbone is also another option that serves to eradicate indentations in the bone which foster the colonization of bacteria.


  • Dental implant


When teeth have been lost due to gum disease treatment Kitchener, the aesthetics and functionality of the mouth can be restored by implanting the prosthetic teeth into the jawbone of your mouth. A tissue regeneration procedure needs to be performed before the placement of a dental implant to strengthen the jawbone of the teeth.


Wrapping Up


Searching for the Periodontics in Kitchener? If so, feel free to contact our dental clinic today. We offer various periodontal disease treatments in our clinic. 


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