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The determination of Namaz (Salah) times in Islam is based on the position of the sun in the sky. Islamic scholars and organizations use various methods, including astronomical calculations, to establish the specific times for each of the five daily prayers. The key prayer times are Fajr (pre-dawn), Dhuhr (noon), Asr (afternoon), Maghrib (evening), and Isha (night).

Here is a brief explanation of how Namaz times are determined:

  1. **Fajr (pre-dawn):**

   – This prayer time begins at dawn, before sunrise. The starting point is when there is enough light in the sky for a white thread to be distinguished from a black thread. There are different methods used to calculate the exact time, considering factors such as twilight and dawn angles.

  1. **Dhuhr (noon):**

   – Dhuhr starts after the sun has passed its zenith (the highest point in the sky) and begins to decline. This marks the midpoint between sunrise and sunset.

  1. **Asr (afternoon):**

   – The Asr prayer time starts in the afternoon and continues until just before sunset. The calculation involves considering the shadow length at various times in the afternoon.

  1. **Maghrib (evening):**

   – Maghrib begins immediately after sunset. The calculation involves determining when the sun has completely disappeared below the horizon.

  1. **Isha (night):**

   – Isha starts after the twilight has disappeared in the evening. This calculation involves considering the time after sunset when the sky becomes dark.

Islamic scholars may use different methods for calculating prayer times, and there are various schools of thought on this matter. The goal is to ensure that Muslims perform their prayers at the appropriate times throughout the day and night.

Many Islamic authorities and mosques provide prayer timetables or schedules that detail the accurate timings for each prayer in specific locations. Additionally, there are online platforms and mobile applications that use advanced algorithms to calculate prayer times based on geographical coordinates, allowing individuals to access accurate and up-to-date information for their specific location.

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