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How to Improve Speaking Skills in School

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Clear, correct, and beautiful speech is the key to successful communication, education, and business communication … Unfortunately, many schools do not pay due attention to children's pronunciation, as a result, some speech errors persist for a long time in schoolchildren. Today we will see what exercises for clear and beautiful speech exist, how to teach a child to speak correctly, and, at the same time, to improve their skills.
Many young children have difficulty developing speaking skills. This often becomes a real problem for parents. But in most cases, there is no reason to panic. For this, the best schools in Kolkata offer special exercises for the child's speech. They are easy to execute and can be performed with any child.
Experts from top schools in Kolkata note the following stages of speech development in preschool children:
3-4 years. At this age, the baby names the shape, colour, size, and quality of the object. Use generalized words: furniture, clothing, tools, vegetables, etc. In the process of examining an image or object, an adult answers questions in monosyllables. Can make 3-4 descriptive sentences with the parents in the illustration. The child actively recounts his favourite fairy tales.
4-5 years. In the communication process, the child uses adjectives that denote the properties of objects, verbs that characterize work actions, as well as nouns. Easily navigate the location of objects during the day and also perfectly describe the mood of people. During this time, the child improves communication skills through dialogue and actively asks and answers questions. The child already knows how to retell the short stories and compose the short stories based on the painting.
5-6 years. Children in this age group use all parts of speech correctly and accurately. In addition, the child coherently and consistently reads small-volume literary works and also composes short stories on his or her own. Can communicate with an adult at will, asking questions and answering questions correctly.
6-7 years. This age is characterized by a rich vocabulary, as well as the use of antonyms and synonyms in the communication process. The child develops a culture of verbal communication. He can independently and expressly convey the content of the song he has heard. In addition, the child can easily compose a coherent creative story from a picture or a series of pictures.
At B.D. Memorial, one of the top 10 schools in Kolkata 2021 we are aware that these stages of speech development are conditioned and do not take into account the individual characteristics of each child.
The formation of sound pronunciation depends directly on how well the child distinguishes the sounds of speech by ear. In another way, this property is called phonemic hearing. For a child to speak clearly, he must be able to distinguish the sounds of speech. He must be able to compare his speech with that of others, to control his pronunciation.
By the age of 3-4, the child already knows how to distinguish vocal sounds in the speech of others, then the vocal and deaf consonants, hard and gentle, hissing. For the development of hearing to take place under the norm, you need to perform exercises with the child to develop this ability. These include tasks to distinguish the volume of a sound, the source of a sound, the recognition of an object that makes a sound – such games are offered to young children by B.D. Memorial, one of the best schools in Kolkata. Children who are 3 years old are provided tasks for finding and distinguishing sounds in words. These games can be: “Where's the sound?” – It is necessary to locate the sound in the word (at the beginning, at the end, in the middle); “Who will come with more words with sound …” – a game of coming with words with a given sound; “Stomp if you hear a sound …” – to develop the ability to hear a certain sound in a word, etc.
Teachers from top schools in Kolkata know that remembering poetry is good for their children. The perspective widens, the child's active vocabulary increases. The child begins to use not only memorized words in his speech, but he also uses already familiar grammatical constructions. Thus, his speech becomes more accurate and richer. It turned out that the child remembers the rhyming constructions better. The more the child remembers the little quatrains, the easier it will be for him to memorize more complex works at an older age.
At B.D. Memorial, one of the top 10 schools in Kolkata 2021, we recognize the benefits of reading. The choice of the book depends on the time of day and the children’s age. Read expressively, not mechanically. Go deep into every word. Read regularly, not from time to time.
The realities of modern life are such that it offers the growing person a huge range of leisure opportunities, which exclude much-needed human communication: the Internet, social media, watching TV instead of reading books. As a result, when the child enters school, it is found that his coherent speech skills are at an incredibly low level, and for everyday communication, he has enough monosyllabic sentences and limited vocabulary.
Teachers identify several factors that have a direct impact on the process of coherent speech formation: the possibility and intensity of communication between pre-schoolers and adults; the level of speech culture in the language environment in which the child grows up; the role of fiction in the upbringing and education of a pre-schooler; introduction to various types of art: theatre, ballet, opera.
Regular reading will help to expand the student's vocabulary, familiarize him with various grammar constructions and speech, and teach him how to pronounce different words correctly. It is useful to read both aloud and for yourself. Beautiful and clear speech is the result of self-improvement and effort.


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