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IGST Section 9: Levy and Collection of Tax on Import and Export

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Major changes to the tax system have been brought about by the Goods and Services Tax (GST) regime in India. In particular, Section 9 of the Integrated Goods and Services Tax (IGST) Act addresses the imposition and collection of import and export taxes. An in-depth grasp of the tax structure governing cross-border transactions is ensured by reading this article, which offers insights into the levy and collection requirements of the IGST Act.

What is the IGST Act?

In order to simplify the taxation of goods and services engaged in interstate and international transactions, the IGST Act was created. Section 9 of the IGST Act deals with taxes on the import and export of goods and services. Let's examine the main points surrounding the imposition and collection of IGST.

The IGST Act's Levy and Collection provisions

Certain requirements pertaining to the imposition and collection of taxes on imports and exports are outlined in the IGST Act. The primary things to consider are as follows:

  • Import Duty: According to Section 9(1) of the IGST Act, 2017, all products and services that are imported into India are subject to an import duty known as the Integrated products and Services Tax. The GST Council recommends that the Central Government notify the rates at which the tax would be collected. When import duties under the Customs Act of 1962 become due on the products, that is when the tax will be imposed.
  • Levy of IGST on Supply: According to Section 9(2) of the IGST Act, 2017, the Central Government may announce the items and services that would be subject to an IGST charge based on a proposal from the GST Council. The notification may include information on the rate of taxation, the value of the tax to be charged, and the point of assessment.
  • Reverse Charge Mechanism: A individual who is not registered beneath the Act may be subject to a tax at the deliver of goods or services, or each, underneath Section 9(3) of the IGST Act, 2017. Under the reverse-charge device, the recipient of such goods or offerings, or each, is answerable for paying the tax.
  • Proviso to Section 9(1): The IGST Act of 2017's proviso to Section 9(1) is important. According to this provision, import products will not be concern to the IGST Act of 2017 and alternatively be situation to the Customs Tariff Act of 1975. This suggests that imported goods might be situation to the primary customs obligation imposed underneath Sections 12 of the Customs Act, 1962, and 3 of the Customs Tariff Act, 1975, and that, where relevant, IGST could be imposed beneath sub-sections 7 of Section three of the Customs Tariff Act, 1975, and sub-section 9 of Section 5 of the IGST Act, 2017.

IGST Collection on Interstate Supplies

Section 5(2) of the IGST Act governs the collection of IGST on interstate supplies. According to this provision, the Central Government would acquire IGST from the dealer of products or services. The manner that the CGST and SGST are paid will also be used to pay the tax. At the moment of supply, the issuer of the goods or offerings is responsible for paying the IGST. The provider has two options for paying the IGST: cash or a bank guarantee.

The Central Government may confiscate the provider's products if the supplier does not pay the IGST. In the event that the provider fails to pay the IGST, the Central Government may additionally charge a penalty.


In India, import and export taxes are determined in large part by Section 9 of the IGST Act. Businesses involved in cross-border transactions must comprehend the regulations on the imposition and collection of taxes. Accurate and timely fulfillment of tax duties by importers and exporters is guaranteed by compliance with the IGST Act. It is essential for businesses in India to adhere to the necessary procedures for filing GST returns, payments, reporting, and filing claims for input tax credits under the Indian Goods and Services Tax (IGST) framework in order to improve their operational efficiency in an import-export environment. Managing these complexities is essential for the smooth and efficient movement of goods and services, not only ensuring compliance with regulatory requirements, but also contributing to a sustainable and resilient business model in the competitive Indian market.

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