Even though the science of Natural Language Processing (NLP) is not new, the technology is developing quickly because of the growing interest in human-to-machine communication, as well as the availability of massive data, powerful computation, and improved algorithms. You can speak and write in English, Spanish, or Chinese as a human. However, most individuals are unable to understand machine code, also referred to as machine language, which is a computer's native language. At the most basic level of your gadget, communication takes place through millions of zeros and ones that result in logical actions rather than words.
In fact, 70 years ago, programmers interacted with the earliest computers using punch cards. Only a tiny number of people were able to understand this laborious and tedious method.