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Alopecia areata is a highly prevalent illness that causes hair loss. While this hair loss may not be obvious at first, the regions of alopecia areata may fuse and become more visible if you encounter numerous occurrences of hair loss.

Understandably, the condition can be upsetting. However, numerous alopecia areata treatments in Bangalore are available to help manage hair loss symptoms. Continue reading to discover mostly everything about alopecia areata.

What is alopecia areata?

Alopecia areata is a disease where inflammatory cells penetrate the hair follicle, causing hair loss. When alopecia areata develops, It usually appears as discrete bald patches on the scalp, but it can induce hair loss in any hair-bearing part of the body.

Alopecia is a Latin term that means “hair loss,” and areata refers to the patchiness of hair loss. Alopecia areata is an inclusive term for a variety of conditions, including alopecia areata totalis or Universalis, ophiasis, ophiasis inversus, and diffuse alopecia areata.

Alopecia areata is not dangerous and does not cause physical pain. On the other hand, the psychosocial consequences of hair loss can be devastating. Furthermore, individuals may develop symptoms associated with hair loss, such as increased eye or nose irritation following the loss of eyelash or nasal hair.

What are the causes of Alopecia areata?

Alopecia areata can affect your scalp, as well as your brows, eyelashes, and face, as well as other regions of your body. Alopecia areata symptoms and signs may include:

 

  • Heredity

As they age, humans experience a loss in hair volume and thickness. Usually, any disease is not the primary cause of this type of baldness. It is linked to ageing, genetics, and changes in the testosterone hormone. Inherited baldness, also known as pattern baldness, affects far more males than women. Male pattern baldness can appear at any age after puberty. By the age of 70, around 80% of men show signs of male pattern baldness.

 

  • Hormones

Hormonal changes are linked with several life phases, such as pregnancy, childbirth, and menopause. Fluctuations in thyroid function and thyroid hormone levels can cause temporary and occasionally alopecia areata.

 

  • Stress

Stress's physiological effects are not limited to certain organs such as the brain or heart. Severe stress may also contribute to alopecia areata. There are roughly 100,000 hair follicles on the adult scalp and every hair follicle cycles between growth and rest.

The bulk of these hair follicles is in the growth period (anagen) at any time. Hair is shed when the hair follicle enters the telogen or the resting phase.

Types of Alopecia Areata

In all varieties of alopecia areata, your body's immune system targets healthy hair follicles, causing them to shrink and significantly limit production to the point where hair growth may cease.

Depending on the kind and severity of your disease, you may suffer hair loss in various regions. Your hair loss and regrowth may be unexpected and cyclical (happening repeatedly) for many years. However, hair may regenerate in a few months for some people. The following are three of the more well-known kinds of alopecia areata:

 

  • Alopecia Areata (Patchy) 

This is the most prevalent type, and as previously said, hair loss occurs in patches. Furthermore, it may begin in small areas and progress to complete scalp hair loss. It affects everyone the same, regardless of one's gender.

 

  • Alopecia Totalis

Alopecia totalis is a chronic illness characterised by the complete hair loss on the scalp, affecting a tiny percentage of alopecia areata sufferers. Treatment outcomes are better when this condition is detected and treated early on.

  • Alopecia Universalis

Alopecia Universalis (AU) is a disorder that causes full hair loss on the scalp and body. It is a more severe type of Alopecia Areata. If you start losing hair on your head and other regions of your body, this indicates AU.

What is the best treatment for Alopecia Areata?

Only the top Alopecia Areata experts will be able to assist you with the correct diagnosis and treatment. A doctor may identify alopecia areata merely by studying your hair loss and a few samples under a microscope.

Dermatologists can provide treatment to help your hair regrow more quickly, minimise future hair loss, and provide you with creative techniques to conceal hair loss. So, let us look at the various available sorts of treatment:

 

  • Topical Minoxidil

Minoxidil is a synthetic drug used to treat hypertension and revive hair growth. A person may apply minoxidil straight to their head as a topical solution or a foam. It may operate by causing the hair to enter the anagen or growth stage by shortening the telogen, or resting, phase. Minoxidil may also help increase hair thickness and density.

 

  • Anthralin 

Anthralin is a treatment intended to treat another skin ailment- psoriasis. However, later it worked effectively to regrow hair in people with mild alopecia. Use it carefully because it irritates the skin and eyes and can leave stains on clothing. Within three to four months, hair regrowth may be visible.

 

  • Immunosuppressive medications

Immunosuppressive medications, such as oral steroids, methotrexate, and cyclosporine, are sometimes used to treat significant alopecia areata. They carry significant risks and side effects and are often reserved for people with severe or rapidly developing hair loss.

Conclusion

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