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The term provisioning in the telecommunication industry involves the method of either preparing and equipping a network to permit it to supply new services to its customers. Based on the National Security/Emergency Preparedness telecommunications services’ definition of the term, “provisioning” refers to the “initiation” which includes changing the state of a current priority service or capability. Provisioning management is a system used by telecommunication businesses to handle their provisioning workflow.

The notion of network provisioning and service mediation is mostly utilized in the telecommunications industry. It equates to the provisioning of the user’s services which are connected to the network elements. It needs the existence of networking equipment while it depends on network style and planning.

In the present day signal infrastructure deploying information technology at every level, there's no possible difference between higher-level infrastructure and telecommunications. Accordingly, provisioning will configure any required system, which provides users with access to technology and data sources. It also refers to all types of enterprise-level information-resource management.

At the core of the provisioning process, it watches the access rights and privileges of users to make sure that the safety of user privacy and entity’s resources. As a secondary responsibility, it makes sure that it complies while minimizing the system’s vulnerability when it comes to abuse and penetration. Another responsibility it has is how provisioning management tries to scale back the quantity of custom configuration through the use of boot image control and other ways that will radically decrease the number of various configurations included in the process.

The discourse of provisioning often comes up within the context of orchestration, virtualization, utility computing, open configuration, and cloud computing. Companies like ETI provide a framework service aimed at exchanging users provisioning management information and resources.

Other Types of Provisioning Management

User Provisioning

User provisioning is a term that describes the maintenance, deactivation, and creation of user attributes or user objects. The user attributes and user objects exist in one or more systems, applications, or directories which is a response to interactive or automated organization processes. A user-provisioning software may involve many subsequent processes. Some of the processes include self-service workflow, change propagation, delegated user administration, consolidating user administration, and monitoring change control.

User objects are the vendors, customers, employees, contractors, or any recipients of a service. User provisioning is a type of identity management software, which is specifically useful in companies organizations, where the users could also be represented by many objects on various systems.

Server Provisioning

Server provisioning refers to the set of actions aimed to organize a server with appropriate data, systems, and software to prepare it for network operation. Some of the usual tasks when provisioning a server include selecting a server from a group of obtainable servers, properly customizing or configuring the system, load the acceptable software, therefore allowing the software to make or change a boot image for the server. The process then changes its parameters, like the IP address and IP Gateway to seek out storage resources and associated networks. After the system audit, the employee can ensure compliance with limited vulnerability or install patches. After these processes, the team member may restart the system and cargo of the new software which makes the system prepared for the operation. Usually,  an online service provider or Network Operations Center will perform the tasks to defined terms and parameters. For instance, the defined parameters can be a boot image that the company approved which uses the software it's licensed to. There are instances of a boot image that create a virtual dedicated host.

Servers in cloud computing could also be provisioned using an internet interface or an application programming interface.  One of the most distinguishable things about cloud computing is its way of rapidly doing things. Monitoring software will not trigger automatic provisioning management when certain resources become too stressed from the load.

This means that server provisioning configures the servers which support resource requirements. The utilization of a hardware or software component such as RAM or a single and dual processor is highly dependent on the functionality of the server. Server redundancy relies on the supply of servers within the organization. Some of the critical applications would likely have lesser downtime when deploying cluster servers or a mirroring system. Service employed by many larger-scale centers partially aims to avoid this.


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