Project logistics management is a subset of service management. Think of the field of project management as closely as you can, consider how this relates to supply chain management, particularly in the case of a construction project: construction materials and resources must be on hand when needed by the crew on site. Logistics experts have involved project logistics in managing resources and making sure they are at hand when they are most needed. This is vitally important in any construction project because even one small delay can cause huge delays and even cost overruns. Any delay means money is lost and delays add up quickly.
In most cases, transportation is the key element in any project logistics operation. Trucks, cargo ships, cargo airports, and other modes of transportation are used to bring supplies and raw materials to and from sites where they are needed. The project logistics manager for a construction project will have a large responsibility for the movement of materials through the supply chain.
As mentioned, there are many complex projects in which transportation is crucial. Some examples include the development of an airport or a port, the construction of bridges, mines, pipelines, dams, and oil rigs. Each of these projects involves a wide variety of moving elements, including transportation, material and equipment management, and construction logistics. Each of these is very different and requires unique project logistics solutions.
Even with these challenging situations, there are still some common practices that apply across most project logistics operations. First, project planners need to determine what kind of transportation system will be used. This might involve trucking, air freight, maritime shipping, road transportation. Second, a logistics expert will sit down with a client and go over a detailed budget and schedule. The client needs to know exactly what the logistics partner is able to deliver, at what costs, and how long it will take.
Once these factors are determined, a cargo transport plan will be laid out according to each of the major components. Most project logistics management firms will use a supply chain management (SCM) approach to determine how all of these elements will link together. SCM basically involves a map of how everything should flow. It is extremely important that all aspects of the project be monitored closely by experts in the field to ensure that everything runs smoothly.
Special Transport Considerations include “SpecialTransports” and Logistics Warehousing. Special transports can include ice trucks, barges, and cranes. There are also specialized logisticians who are responsible for producing and supplying specialty items. Examples include refrigeration, pharmaceutical, or engineering equipment producers. Logistics Warehousingrefers to the transportation, storage, and production sites for these specialized items.
Each of these major topics is necessary for any project logistics management firm to cover. Special transports are needed for ice and other transportation-related issues. Warehousing logistics need to ensure that they are properly storing any excess cargo, and they must also be updated on a regular basis to make sure that there are no delays in their deliveries. Other special transports might include the delivery of hazardous materials.
It is very important to have a proper and complete SCM and logistics plan when it comes to providing services for complex projects. The proper documentation ensures that there are no mistakes or overruns and that the project logistics providers are able to do their job well. This documentation also assures the customer that the project logistics provider is aware of all methods of transport involved in the project. Proper documentation is a great way for clients to receive a good deal from their suppliers, and also makes it easier for project logistics providers to get the special permit, licenses, and contracts that are required for heavy goods transports.