During surgical procedures, anesthetic drugs are used to manage pain, respiration, blood pressure, blood flow, and heart rate and rhythm. Inhalational anesthesia is mostly used for sedation and induction of general anesthesia. Sevoflurane, desflurane, and nitrous oxide are the most often used inhalational anesthetics. Respiratory depression, a decrease in arterial blood pressure and cerebral metabolic demand, and an increase in cerebral blood flow are all common side effects of inhalational anesthetics. Nausea is the most prevalent side effect of inhalation anesthesia.
The growth of inhalation anesthesia is fueled by an increase in the number of emergency cases and road accidents, as well as an increase in the prevalence of various disorders such as cancer, respiratory diseases, and gastrointestinal disorders, as well as an increase in the number of surgical procedures and increased use of these in disease diagnosis.
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