Chloroacetic acid is a specialty organochlorine compound and organic synthesis building block. As a result, it is used in the manufacture of various chemical compounds, agrochemicals, dyes, and drugs. Chloroacetic acid is used in the preparation or production of industrial chemicals, as a thickening agent or chemical intermediate in a carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) and carboxymethyl starch. It also generates thioglycolic acid and glycine, both of which are important precursors to the production of glyphosate.
Because of the high reactivity of the carboxylic acid group and substitution of the direct interaction of a Cl atom, chloroacetic acid is a synthetic organic intermediate used as an acidic derivative such as salt, acyl chloride, ester, hydrazide, anhydride, and amide.
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