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In past years, there has been a broad shift toward cloud computing. Organizations across every industry have to give thought to their data security strategies. The security of cloud platforms has been largely dispelled. Specific considerations need to be addressed to protect solutions and data they store, process, or access.

You need to keep up cybersecurity with the pace of digital transformation. It is the ability to effectively address the challenges introduced by public cloud infrastructure and modernized applications. Let's look at the massive cloud breaches and know how they got the exposure and potential vulnerability. Here, we also describe how it happened and offer you some techniques that you can follow to make your organization more secure. You can also prefer to go for an IT consultant service to protect your business from security breaches

Few lessons we need to learn from top cloud security breaches 

Amazon's account was hacked, and data access has been restricted

On August 16, 2018, Amazon cloud services were hacked by cybercriminals who forced their way into the system and restricted company access to data. 

The cybercriminals used Amazon's S3 storage to target the data they wanted to steal, holding it hostage until payment was received. This is an example of what could happen if your customer account information is compromised, even with those who manage cloud service and cloud solutions.

What do companies need to do?

  • Shut down all forms of access to their accounts and then call Amazon immediately.

  • Change all user account passwords if they were compromised in the hack, along with any API keys or secret keys. As an extra precaution, also reset all digital certificates involved with accessing the hacked system.

  • Once the account is safe, companies should consider using an identity protection service that monitors your personal information to make sure it hasn't been compromised elsewhere. 

The best course of action for any company that has used cloud services is to have a well-thought-out disaster recovery plan in place.

Salesforce account hacked by Chinese government looking for intellectual property (IP)

The hacking was made possible by a zero-day exploit of the domain controller that was used to access private VPN connections and other internal resources. As a result, the hackers were able to defeat multi-factor authentication before exfiltrating huge amounts of sensitive data, including Salesforce source code and customer information, like usernames and passwords for each account (not financial records).

What can companies do to protect themselves?

It is recommended that companies set up additional security layers to protect their data better and prevent future breaches. For example, they are implementing two-factor authentication or investing in data security solutions.

Unsecured Server with Biometric Data

In March 2020, a Brazilian biometric solutions firm was informed by hackers that 81.5 million records had been left unprotected on an unsecured server. The documents included admin (!) login information, employee phone numbers and email addresses, company emails, and binary code related to 76,000 fingerprints, which could have been used to reverse engineer the fingerprints themselves.

The data breach occurred because the firm neglected to set up cloud-based storage for data migration properly. Our investigators have seen numerous hurried cloud migrations that resulted in inadvertent data disclosure or other security flaws. As a result, remarkable precautions should be taken to protect the application when a business moves from a secure on-premises architecture to a cloud architecture.

During Regular Maintenance, 5 Billion Records Were Exposed

There is huge mega-breach occurred in March 2020 when the data was exposed massively. The contractor shut down the firewall to speed up for about 10 minutes. And during those 10 minutes, a researcher was able to access the database through an unprotected port. But, he only succeeded in extracting a small subset of records. 

The database holds emails and passwords, and that has been used to notify customers if they are compromised. No customer or company data was exposed, and the records were all available threat intelligence resources. 

A proper security architecture of managed IT services should consider performing requirements early in the planning and design stages. It saves security time and resources over the long term.

All in one solution: Have a disaster recovery plan

A disaster recovery plan is an absolute must for any small business. The longer a breach's lifecycle, the more damage it does to an organization. Therefore, it should be effective at the top of your security plan. 

It should include:

  • Image backup, including configuration and data. 

  • The ability to restore everything absolutely as it was prior to the incident

  • The servers were restored and operational in a set period of time following a breach.

All of this may be accomplished in 2020 utilizing the cloud. Data centers have improved dramatically in terms of security, and a good cloud backup can almost ensure no downtime for a firm.

Conclusion

It's a never-ending battle between security teams and threat actors to keep networks and data assets safe. Cloud breaches, poor asset management, unencrypted data will compromise sensitive data and other resources. Not every exposure described above results in damage, so the exposure itself is regarded as a poor reflection on cloud network security. If an organization targets any continuous attacks, consult an IT consultant service that eventually helps your organization against breaches. 

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