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Recent advancements in immunobiology have introduced several new diagnostic tools for monitoring kidney transplant recipients. These have been added to more established tests that, although imperfect, remain important benchmarks of diagnostic utility. Both new and old tests can be characterized with regard to their practicality, and as to whether they detect aberrant function or define the cause of dysfunction. Unfortunately, no current test is both practical and specific to a particular disease entity. Accordingly, the diagnosis of graft dysfunction remains dependent on the proper use and interpretation of many studies. This article reviews the current assays that have been evaluated in the clinic for the diagnosis of renal allograft-related diseases. These are limited to assays based on routinely obtainable samples such as blood, biopsy tissue, and urine. Newer studies are presented, along with more mundane assays, to highlight the practical use of studies regardless of their degree of mechanistic sophistication.

Know More@ https://www.kingsresearch.com/post/transplant-diagnostic-market?utm_source=Atish

Organ transplantation is a medical procedure in which an organ is removed from one body and placed in the body of a recipient, to replace a damaged or missing organ. The donor and recipient may be at the same location, or organs may be transported from a donor site to another location. Organs and/or tissues that are transplanted within the same person's body are called autografts. Transplants that are recently performed between two subjects of the same species are called allografts. Allografts can either be from a living or cadaveric source.

Organs that have been successfully transplanted include the heart, kidneys, liver, lungs, pancreas, intestine, thymus and uterus. Tissues include bones, tendons (both referred to as musculoskeletal grafts), corneae, skin, heart valves, nerves and veins. Worldwide, the kidneys are the most commonly transplanted organs, followed by the liver and then the heart. Corneae and musculoskeletal grafts are the most commonly transplanted tissues; these outnumber organ transplants by more than tenfold.

Types of Transplant:

  • Autograft
  • Allograft and allotransplantation
  • Isograft
  • Xenograft and xenotransplantation
  • Domino transplants
  • ABO-incompatible transplants



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