Commodity trading has emerged as an attractive and lucrative option for financial market participants in the last few years. Most stock market trading providers offer commodity broking as well. Initially, the Government of India, in early 2003 gave permission to four entities to set-up nation-wide multi-commodity exchanges. Commodity Trading in India has come a long way since. When the domestic electronic trading started, only futures were allowed to trade. Now, commodity trading in India consists of futures and options. Popular commodities on local commodity exchanges include Gold, Silver, Crude Oil, Copper and a few agricultural commodities.
Investing in commodities has a long history. Organized trading on an exchange started in 1848 with the start of the Chicago Board of Trade (CBOT). India also had a functional commodity market as evidenced by the constitution of the Bombay Cotton Trade Association in the year 1875. India had a vibrant futures market in commodities till it was discontinued in the mid 1960’s. While commodities offer a fantastic avenue to allocate your capital in the modern financial market trading, it is important to keep in mind a few factors for benefiting out of this asset class in totality.
Pay Attention To Margin: Commodity trading in India primarily consists of futures. Futures contracts are legal agreements to buy or sell a commodity like Gold, Silver, Copper, Chana etc on a specific date or during a specific month. However, to trade futures, you will be required to pay Minimum margin requirements which represent a tiny percentage of a contract’s total value.
Supply and demand: Commodities are driven by short term fluctuations in demand and supply. It is important to pay attention to actual demand-supply dynamics when analyzing the real-time price action in commodities. The latest tumble in crude oil prices, which fell to -37.63 for WTI variety is a case in point. Oil fell into negative zone because lack of storage capacity as prices extended a massive slide on global economic concerns.
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