An EGD, short for esophagogastroduodenoscopy, is a medical procedure that is utilized to both diagnose and treat issues affecting the upper GI (gastrointestinal) tract, which includes the oesophagus, stomach, and the initial portion of the small intestine, known as the duodenum. The procedure involves the use of a lengthy, adaptable tube referred to as an endoscope, which is equipped with a miniature light and video camera at one end. The endoscope is introduced through the mouth and throat, and gradually passed through the oesophagus, stomach, and into the duodenum. A visual display of the inside of the upper GI tract is presented on a screen utilizing video footage captured by the camera on the end of the tube.
Who needs it?
Upper endoscopy, also known as esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD), is a medical procedure that may be recommended for individuals who are experiencing symptoms related to their upper gastrointestinal (GI) tract, or for those who are at an increased risk of developing certain conditions. Symptoms that may warrant an upper endoscopy include persistent acid reflux symptoms such as heartburn, regurgitation, or difficulty swallowing, as well as abdominal pain or discomfort, bloating, nausea, unexplained weight loss, or loss of appetite. Individuals who experience chronic vomiting or difficulty swallowing may also be candidates for an upper endoscopy.
Furthermore, those who have a family history of GI tract conditions such as stomach cancer, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), or Barrett's esophagus may be advised to undergo an upper endoscopy for screening purposes. Additionally, individuals with a history of peptic ulcers or gastritis may also require an endoscopy to monitor their condition or to ensure that the ulcers have healed. If you are experiencing symptoms related to your upper gastrointestinal (GI) tract, such as persistent acid reflux, abdominal pain, or difficulty swallowing, or if you are at increased risk of developing certain GI conditions, an upper endoscopy may be recommended. At Diva Women's Hospital, they offer advanced diagnostic and treatment options for various GI conditions, including upper endoscopy.
Risks of Upper endoscopy?
Bleeding may occur due to accidental damage to the blood vessels during the procedure, particularly if a biopsy or polyp removal is performed. In rare cases, severe bleeding may require additional treatment or blood transfusion. Perforation is another rare but serious complication that may occur if the endoscope punctures the lining of the esophagus, stomach, or duodenum. Perforation can cause severe pain, fever, and other symptoms, and may require immediate surgical intervention. Infection is also a possible risk associated with upper endoscopy, particularly if the endoscope is not properly sterilized or if there is a pre-existing infection in the upper GI tract. Infections may result in fever, abdominal pain, and other symptoms, and may require antibiotic treatment. However, these risks are relatively rare and can usually be managed with proper monitoring and medical attention. It is important to discuss the risks and benefits of upper endoscopy with your healthcare provider before undergoing the procedure to ensure that you are fully informed and prepared.
Benefits of Upper endoscopy?
Some of the main benefits of upper endoscopy include:
Accurate diagnosis: Upper endoscopy allows the doctor to see the inside of the upper GI tract and identify any abnormalities such as inflammation, ulcers, tumors, or blockages. This enables accurate diagnosis of various GI conditions, which can help guide appropriate treatment.
Biopsy and polyp removal: During an upper endoscopy, the doctor can take tissue samples for biopsy or remove polyps. Biopsy samples can help to diagnose conditions such as cancer, while polyp removal can prevent the development of cancer in some cases.
Minimally invasive: Upper endoscopy is a minimally invasive procedure that can be performed on an outpatient basis. It involves inserting a thin, flexible tube (endoscope) through the mouth and throat, which causes minimal discomfort and has a short recovery time.
Early detection: Upper endoscopy can detect conditions in the early stages when treatment is more effective. For example, it can identify precancerous changes in the esophagus or stomach, which can be treated before they develop into cancer.
Therapeutic interventions: Upper endoscopy can also be used for therapeutic interventions, such as dilation of a narrow esophagus or removal of a foreign object that has been swallowed.
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This Blog Originally Posted Here: https://ibusinessday.com/upper-endoscopy-what-is-it-who-needs-it-risks-benefits/