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A HEA (IPBL) beam is a particular variety of structural steel beams that are frequently utilized in applications related to building and engineering. HEA is an abbreviation that stands for “European Wide Flange Beams” or “I-Beams.” In contrast, IPBL is an abbreviation that stands for “Indian Parallel Flange Beams” and adheres to Indian specifications. These beams, which have the shape of an “H” when viewed in cross-section, are utilized for a variety of load-bearing purposes due to the fact that they are both strong and structurally stable. Its dimensions, such as beam height, width, and weight per meter length, are indicated by the designation “HEA” followed by a number. A HEA 200 beam, for instance, has a height of 200 millimeters, a width of 200 millimeters, and a particular weight per meter of length. Because of their exceptional load-carrying capacity and their capacity to bear bending moments and shear stresses, HEA beams are appropriate for situations in which structural integrity and strength are of the utmost importance. These beams have widespread application in the building of frames, bridges, industrial structures, and a variety of other types of structures and construction endeavors. It is essential to keep in mind that particular norms and requirements could be different depending on the nation in question. Because of this, the precise size and qualities of HEA beams can differ from one set of standards to another (for example, those used in Europe, India, the United States, and so on). In most cases, structural requirements and load calculations for a particular project serve as the basis for engineers' and architects' decisions for the optimum beam sizes and kinds to use. A lightweight variety of H-beam steel that may be identified from others of its kind by having an outer border that is noticeably thinner and an H-shaped cross-section. The thickness of the flange is denoted by the final letter, with A indicating the thinnest version of the H sections. In the case of the IPN BEAM, the height of the beam is significantly lower than the width of the flange. This is valid up to a flange width of no more than 300 millimeters. Following that, the height of the steel beam will increase while the width of the flange will continue to be 300 millimeters.

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