Employment matters can be really complicated for companies as well as employees. Whether you work in a factory, office, dental clinic, or a small restaurant, you’re entitled to some basic workplace rights by the law. Similarly, if you own one of these institutions; as an employer, you also possess some rights. Workplace conflicts are common in most of the US workplaces and that’s why there are specific employment and labor laws to regulate these workplaces and to prevent and resolve these conflicts.
A labor and employment law firm may work for both employers and employees to resolve particular workplace issues. These law firms usually retain experienced and professional employment law attorney to guide their clients. In this post, we’re going to focus on what are employment and labor laws.
The primary purpose of employment laws is to govern the rights and duties between the employee and the employer. Sometimes they are referred to as labor laws. Employment laws are made to ensure safety of employees at the workplace and to ensure they get fair treatment there. The same laws protect employers as well. These employment laws are a combination of legislations, administrative rules, court opinions, and the Federal and local state constitutions.
The Federal laws often constitute a large proportion of baseline rules that deal with employment disagreements. On the other hand, States release laws that offer more protection to both the sides. In some cases, employment laws can be governed through the initial contract between a company and employee. This may require the intervention of a knowledgeable employment law attorney.
There are nearly 180 federal labor laws administered and implemented by the U.S. Department of Labor (DOL).The laws are applicable to businesses, workers, job seekers, contractors, pensioners, and grantees. If we describe some of principle statutes in brief, they are divided in more than 15 categories that include:
- Wage and Hours
- Workplace Safety and Health (OSHA)
- Workers’ Compensation
- Employee Benefit Security
- Unions and their Members
- Employee Protection
- Uniformed Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act
- Veteran’s Preference
- Mini Safety and Health
- Plant Closing and Layoffs
These are some of the federal laws regulated by the DOL. Companies and employees mostly depend on a labor and employment law firm whenever they need to understand any particular law related to their situation. Labor laws make sure that the rights of the workers are adhered to as well as for that of the employer.